Synopsis: : A Cultural History of India Oxford India Paperbacks, 14th Impression
This Book presents a comprehensive survey of Indian culture, covering various aspects such as religion, philosophy, social organization, literature, art, architecture, music, and science. Thirty scholars, from Britain, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Germany, have contributed to this volume edited by the well-known historian A.L. Basham. Contributors include such eminent scholars as S. Radhakrishnan, T. Burrow, s.n. Das, and Percival Spear. Not every contributor adopts the same approach or the same point of view, but all have treated their themes in a manner, which is scholarly and, at the same time, intelligible to the lay reader.
Notes on the Pronunciation of Indian Words
List of Contributors
1. Introduction/A.L. Basham
Part I : THE Ancient Heritage :
2. The Indus Civilization/B.B. Lal
3. The Early Aryans/T. Burrow
4. The Early Dravidians/P. Marr
5. Asokan India and the Gupta Age/Romila Thapar
6. Medieval Hindu India/A.L. Basham
7. Hinduism/S. Radhakrishnan
8. Buddhism/Bhikshu Sangharakshita
9. Jainism/A.N. Upadhye
10. Philosophy/S.N. Das Gupta
11. Social and Political Thought and Institutions/J. Duncan M. Derrett
12. Science/H.J.J. Winter
13. Ancient and Modern Languages/T. Burrow
14. Classical Literature/A.K. Warder
15. Early Art and Architecture/P.S. Rawson
16. Music/N. Jairazbhoy
Part II : THE AGE OF MUSLIM DOMINANCE :
17. The Muslim Ruling Dynasties/S.A.A. Rizvi
18. Medieval Hindu Devotionalism/J.T.F. Jordens
19. Islam in Medieval India/S.A.A. Rizvi
20. Sikhism/Hew McLeod
21. Medieval Indian Literature/Krishna Kripalani
22. Muslim Architecture in India/Martin S. Briggs
23. Medieval Indian Miniature Painting/Pramod Chandra
Part III : CHALLENGE AND RESPONSE-THE COMING OF THE WEST :
24. The Portuguese/J.B. Harrison
25. The Mughals and the British/Percival Spear
26. Hindu Religious and Social Reform in British India/J.T.F. Jordens
27. Islamic Reform Movements/Aziz Ahmad
28. The Nationalist Movement/Hugh Owen
29. Modern Literature/Krishna Kripalani
Part IV : INDIA AND THE World OUTSIDE :
30. Early Contacts between India and Europe/H.G. Rawlinson
31. Indian Influence in Ancient South-East Asia/Alastair Lamb
32. Appendix/H.E. Loops
33. Indian Influences on China/J. Leroy Davidson
34. India and the Medieval Islamic World/S.A.A. Rizvi
35. India and the Modern West/Friedrich Wilhelm and H.G. Rawlinson
36. Conclusion/A.L. Basham
Siva Daksinamurti (Siva as Teacher). South Side of East Gopura, Cidambaram, Tamilnadu. c. A.D. 1200/J.C. Harle :
1. Kalibangan : Steatite Seals (Two Upper Rows) and Clay Sealings (Bottom Row). Archaeological Survey of India
2. Lothal : Cast of Obverse and Reverse of a Seal of 'Persian-Gulf Style. Archaeological Survey of India
3. Surkotada : General View of the Citadel, with Entrance-Ramp in the Middle Distance on the Right.
Archaeological Survey of India
4. Surkotada : Entrance to the Citadel, with Ramp, Staircase, and Guardrooms(?). Archaeological Survey of India
5. Indo-Greek and Persian Coins. From H.G. Rawlinson, Intercourse between India and the West, Cambridge University Press
6. a. Bronze Statuette of Harpocrates from Taxila. From The Cambridge History of India, Vol. I
b. Greek Intaglio Gems from North-West India, Ibid.
7. North Indian Astrolabe, Brass. ? 18th Century. Obverse. Museum of History of Science, Oxford
8. North Indian Astrolabe, Brass. ? I8th Century. Reverse. Museum of History Of Science, Oxford
9. Samrat Yantra. Delhi. Winter
10. Mother Goddess, Moulded Terracotta Plaque. Tamluk (Near Calcutta), C. 1st Century B.C. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
11. Yaksa, Stone. Besnagar, Now in Vidisa Museum, C. 1st Century B.C./J.C. Harle
12. Seated Buddha, Sandstone. Sarnath. Late 5th Century A.D./J.C. Harle
13. Visnu in his Boar Incarnation, Sandstone. Udayagiri (Madhya Pradesh). Early 5th Century A.D./J.C. Harle
14. Sivalaya-Malegitti (A Siva Temple). Badami (Mysore State). First Half of 7th Century A.D./J.C. Harle
15. Head of Siva from an Ekamukhalingam, Spotted Red Sandstone. Mathura. 4th-5th Century A.D. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
16. Siva Nataraja (Siva as Lord of the Dance), Bronze. From Tamilnadu, Probably Pudukottai. Thanjavur Region. Chola Dynasty, Roth Century A.D. Victoria and Albert Museum, London
17. Bodhisattva. Gandhara (Graeco-Buddhist). 2nd-5th Century A.P. Archaeological Survey of India
18. Karli : Interior Of Chaitya Cave. C. 150 B.C. India Office
19. Nasik : Sun-Window and Horseshoe-Arch, C. 150 B.C.
20. Bow-Harps and Flutes. Amaravati. C. A.D. 200. British Museum
21. Vina in the Hands of Sarasvati. C. A.D. 900 British Museum
22. Ajmer : Great Mosque, C. 1200. Indian Museum, Calcutta
23. Delhi : Qutb Minar, A.D. 1232. Indian Museum, Calcutta
24. Delhi : Tomb of Humayun, C.P. Bureau, Indian State Railways
25. Fatehpur-Sikri : The Buland Darwaza. A.D. 1575. From S.M. Edwardes and H.L.O. Garrett. Mughal Rule in India (Oxford University Press)
26. Agra : The Taj Mahal. A.D. 1632. India Office
27. The Dying Inayat Khan, Miniature Painting. Early I7th Century. Bodleian Library Oxford
28. Asvari Ragini (A Musical Mode Personified), from the Laud Ragamala. Early 17th Century. Bodleian Library, Oxford
29. Plaque with Siva and Parvati, Carved Ivory. from South India C. A.D. 1700. Victoria and Albert Museum, London
30. Girdle (Patka), Stencilled and Painted Cotton. Rajasthan. Late I7th or Early 18th Century. Victoria and Albert Museum, London
31. Seated Buddha, Gilt Bronze. China. Former Chao Dynasty. Dated A.D. 338. Avery Brundage Collection
32. Standing Kuan-Yin, gilt bronze. China. Mid-T'ang Dynasty. Late 7th Century A.D. Avery Brundage Collection
1. Aziz Ahmad, D. Litt. (Lond. ). Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Toronto, Canada.
2. A. L. Basham, D. Litt. (Lond.), Hon. D. Litt. (Kurukshetra), F. S. A. , F. A. H. A. Professor of Asian Civilizations, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
3. Martin S. Briggs, (1882- ), F. R. I. B. A. Formerly Lecturer, London University School of Architecture.
4. T. Burrow, M. A. , Ph. D. (Cantab.), F. B. A. Boden Professor of Sanskrit and Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, U. K.
5. Pramod Chandra, Ph. D. Professor in the Departments of Art and of South Asian Languages and Civilization, University of Chicago, U. S. A.
6. S. N. Das Gupta, (1885-1952), M. A. , D. Litt .(Cantab-), Hon . D. Litt. (Rome) . Formerly Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Cambridge, and Professor of Mental and Moral Science, University of Calcutta, India.
7. J. LeRoy Davidson, Ph. D. (Yale) . Professor (and Chairman) of the Department of Art, University of California, Los Angeles, U. S. A.
8. J. Duncan M. Derrett, D. C. L.(Oxon .), LL . D ., Ph . D .(Lond-) . Professor of Oriental Laws in the University of London, Lecturer in Hindu Law in the Inns of Court School of Law, London.
9. J. B. Harrison, M. A. (Cantab. ). Reader in the History of South Asia in the University of London.
10. N. Jairazbhoy, B. A. (Wash. ) . Associate Professor of Asian Studies, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
11. J. T. F. Jordens, Lic . Philos ., Ph. D. (Louvain) . Reader in South Asian Civilization, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
12. Krishna Kripalani, B. A. (Bombay), Bar-at-Law (Lincoln's Inn, London). Formerly Secretary, Sahitya Akademi (National Academy of Letters), New Delhi, India.
13. B. B. Lal, M . A. Professor of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Jivaji University, Gwalior, M. P. , India. Formerly Director-General, Archaeological Department, Government of India, New Delhi, India.
14. Alastair Lamb, Ph. D.(Cantab.). Formerly Professor of History, University of Ghana.
15. M. A. Hew, (N. Z.), Ph. D.(Lond.). Associate Professor of History, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
16. John Marr, Ph. D.(Lond.). Lecturer in Tamil and Indian Music, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
17. Hugh Owen, Ph. D.(ANU). Lecturer in History, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
18. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, (1888- ), O. M., F. B. A., D. Litt., LL. D., D. C. L. Numerous honours and honorary degrees. Formerly Professor of Philosophy, University of Calcutta, Professor of Eastern Religions, University of Oxford, Vice-chancellor, Banares Hindu University. 1962-1967, President of the Republic of India.
19. H. G. Rawlinson, (1880-1957), C. I. E., M. A.(Cantab.). Formerly Principal, Deccan College, Poona.
20. Philip Rawson, M. A.(Lond.). Curator, Gulbenkian Museum of Oriental Art, University of Durham, U. K.
21. S . A. A. Rizvi, M. A., Ph. D., D. Litt. (Agra), F. A. H. A. Reader in South Asian Civilization, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
22. Bhikshu Sangharakshita
23. T. G. Spear, Percival, O. B. E., M. A., Ph. D.(Cantab.). Fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge. Formerly Hon. Reader in History, Delhi University, and University Lecturer in History, University of Cambridge, U. K.
24. Romila Thapar, Ph. D.(Lond.). Professor of Historical Studies and Chairman of the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
25. A. N. Upadhye, M. A., D. Litt. Professor of Jainology and Prakrit, University of Mysore, India.
26. A. K. Warder, Ph. D.(Lond.). Professor of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, University of Toronto, Canada.
27. Friedrich Wilhelm, Dr. Phil. Professor of Indology and Tibetology at the University of Munich, West Germany.
28. H. J. J. Winter, Ph. D., D. Sc.(Lond-). Senior Lecturer in Education at the University of Exeter, U. K.