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Design and Construction of Highway Bridges

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Book Information

Publisher:New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd.
Published In:2009
ISBN-10:817381371X
ISBN-13:9788173813719
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:765 gms
Pages:pp. viii + 23 + 448, Figures, 76 Tables (1 Folded), Maps, Graphs, Indices, 4 Appendices, References, Acknowledgement

The Title "Design and Construction of Highway Bridges" is written by K.S. Rakshit. This book was published in the year 2009. The ISBN number 817381371X|9788173813719 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. This book has total of pp. viii + 23 + 448 (Pages). The publisher of this title is New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd.. We have about 480 other great books from this publisher. Design and Construction of Highway Bridges is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

The Book "Design and Construction of Highway Bridges" has been written for the benefit of both the undergraduate and post-graduate students of Bridge Engineering as well as for the practising engineers. Keeping their needs in view, The Author has included in 25 (twenty-five) chapters, all aspects of bridge engineering starting from site selection, field investigations etc. and ending in construction and maintenance of bridges and bridge architecture.

To make the subject more clear and useful the book contains nearly 300 figures and sketches. Many illustrative examples are given in the book with a view to explaining the design aspects in terms of codal provisions and sound engineering practices.

Few special features which are the outcome of the Author's previous publications and long experience in bridge engineering such as load distribution in bridge decks, bearings & expansion joints, wearing course, river training & protective works etc. have enriched the contents of the book.

The book would be immensely useful to the undergraduate and post-graduate students of bridge engineering as well as to the professional engineers associated with the design, construction and maintenance of bridges. The book would fully cater to the needs of these students, bridge designers and construction engineers.

About the Author

The Institution of Engineers f Engineer of the Public Works Department of The Government of West Bengal and was associated with the design and construction of various types of Bridges throughout his service career in various capacities starting from the Assistant Engineer upto the rank of Chief Engineer. In addition, devoted considerable time in studying practical problems and published as many as 30 (thirty) technical papers dealing with theoretical and practical aspects of highways and highway bridges based on his long experience and field studies in the Science of bridge engineering.

The author is a Life Member of the Indian Roads Congress and Life Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (India). The Author acted as a member of the Bridges Committee as well as various other Committees of the Indian Roads Congress in connection with the preparation of the Standard Specification and Code of Practice for Road Bridges. The author was also a member of few code making committees of the Bureau of Indian Standards (ISI).

Due to his expert knowledge in bridge and structural engineering, the author was appointed both by the Ministry of Surface Transport (Roads Wing), Government of India, and the Government of West Bengal as a member of several technical committees to investigate into the causes of failure of some bridges and other structures.

Contents

Chap. I : History OF BRIDGES :
1. Definition of a Bridge
2. History of Development of Bridges

Conclusion
References

Chap. II : SURVEY AND SELECTION OE BRIDGE SITE AND COLLECTION OF DESIGN DATA FOR BRIDGE PROJECTS :
1. Preliminary Works :
i. Collection of General Data
ii. Preliminary Survey
iii. Collection of Preliminary Data for Selection of Bridge Sites

2. Detailed River Survey
3. Additional Information to be Collected
4. Soil Investigation :
i. Depth of Soil Exploration
ii. Layout of Borings
iii. Bore-log & Sub-soil Profile
iv. Borings for Soil Exploration
v. Method of Sampling
vi. Tests for Soil Samples

5. Survey of Locally Available Materials :

References

Chap. III : ESTIMATION OF DESIGN DISCHARGE, SCOUR DEPTH ETC AND FIXATION OF WATERWAY, TYPE AND DEPTH OF FOUNDATIONS :
1. General
2. Catchment-Run-off Method for the Estimation of Flood Discharge
3. Estimation of Flood Discharge by the Use of Empirical Formulae
4. Estimation of Flood Discharge by Rational Method
5. Estimation of Flood Discharge from Cross Sectional Area and Bed Slope

6. Estimation of Flood' Discharge from Area of Cross-Section and Velocity as Observed at Bridge Site
7. Flood Discharge from Available Records
8. Fixing Design Discharge
9. Normal Scour Depth - Lacey's theory of Regime Condition
10. Linear Waterway for Bridges
11. Effective Linear Waterway
12. Maximum Scour Depth for Foundation and Guide Bund Design
13. Depth of Foundation
14. Afflux

References

Chap. IV : CLASSIFICATION OF HIGHWAY BRIDGES AND SELECTION OF THE TYPE OF BRIDGE FOR ANY PARTICULAR SITE :
1. Classification of Highway Bridges :
i. Sub-classification of Temporary Bridges
ii. Sub-Classification of Permanent Bridges

2. Illustrations of Various Types :
i. Simply Supported Solid Slab Bridges
ii. Simply supported Slab and Girder Bridges
iii. Continuous span Solid Slab and Slab & Girder Bridges
iv. Balanced Cantilever Bridges
v. Box-cell Bridges
vi. Portal-frame Bridges
vii. Composite Bridges
viii. Arch Bridges

3. Selection of the Type of Bridge :
i. Choice between temporary Bridge and Permanent Bridge
ii. Choice between Submersible Bridge and High Level Bridge
iii. Choice between, Slab, Girder, Arch, Cable-stayed or Suspension Bridges
iv. Choice of Span for Bridges

References

Chap. V : HIGHWAY BRIDGE LOADING, GENERAL FEATURES OF DESIGN AND PERMISSIBLE STRESSES :
1. General :
i. Permissible Increase in the Working Stresses under the Combined Effect of Various Loads, Forces and Effects
ii. Permissible Increase in Foundation Pressure under Various Combination of Loads, Forces and Effects

2. Dead Load
3. Live Load
4. Method of Application of Live Load for the Design of Deck Slab :
i. For Slabs Spanning in one Direction Only
ii. For Slabs Spanning in two Directions

5. Footway Loading
6. Impact
7. Wind Load
8. Horizontal Force due to water Currents
9. Longitudinal Forces
10. Centrifugal Forces
11. Buoyancy
12. Earth Pressure
13. Temperature Effects
14. Deformation Effects (For Steel Bridges Only)
15. Secondary Effects
16. Wave Pressure
17. Impact Due to Floating Bodies or Vessels
18. Erection Effects
19. Seismic Force
20. Influence Line Diagrams :
i. Influence Line Diagram for Moment
ii. Influence Line Diagram for Shear

21. Permissible Stresses :
i. Concrete Members
ii. Prestressed Concrete Members
iii. Structural Steel Members

References

Chap. VI : LOAD DISTRIBUTION IN BRIDGE DECKS :
1. General
2. Courbon's Theory
3. Morice & Little's Theory
4. Author's Simplified Method of Morice & Little's Theory

5. Transverse Moments :
i. Transverse Moment by Courbon's Method
ii. Transverse Moment by Morice & Little's Method
iii. Transverse Moment by the Author's Simplified Method

6. Morice's Distribution Coefficients from Courbon's Values

References

Chap. VII : SOLID SLAB BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Design Principles
3. Details of Some Slab Bridges

References

Chap. VIII : SLAB AND GIRDER BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Design of Deck Slab
3. Design of Girders
4. Details of Few Slab and Girder Bridges

References

Chap. IX : SKEW AND CURVED BRIDGES :
1. Skew Bridges :
i. Reaction at Support
ii. Creep Effect
iii. Layout of Bearings
iv. Layout of Expansion Joints
v. Details of Few Skew Slab Bridges

2. Curved Bridges :
i. Type of Piers
ii. Layout of Bearings
iii. Reactions at Piers
iv. Design of Superstructure
v. Design of Bearings
vi. Design of Substructure and Foundations

References

Cap. X : REINFORCED CONCRETE CONTINUOUS BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Bearings
3. Type of Continuous Bridges
4. Proportioning of Structures
5. Method of Analysis
6. Influence Lines
7. Design Procedure

References

Chap. XI : REINFORCED CONCRETE BALANCED CANTILEVER BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Types of Superstructure
3. Proportioning of Members
4. Design Considerations
5. Design Procedure
6. Design of Articulation

References

Chap. XII : REINFORCED CONCRETE RIGID FRAME BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Types of Rigid Frame Bridges
3. Proportioning of Structures
4. Method of Analysis and Design Considerations
5. Temperature Effect
6. Effect of Shrinkage, Wind and Water Current
7. Design Procedure

References

Chap. XIII : REINFORCED CONCRETE ARCH BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Types of Arch Bridges
3. Main Components of an Arch
4. Shape of Arch Bridges :
i. Properties of a Circular Arch
ii. Properties of a Parabolic Arch

5. Distinctive Features of Various Arches
6. Forces and Moments on Arch Bridges
7. Analysis of Arch Bridges
8. Forces and Moments Due to Temperature Effect
9. Forces and Moments Due to Arch Shortening
10. Forces and Moments Due to Shrinkage and Plastic Flow of Concrete
11. Normal Thrust on any Section of the Arch
12. Radial Shear
13. Influence Lines :
i. Influence Lines for Two-hinged Parabolic Arches
ii. Influence Line Diagram for Three-hinged Arches and Fixed Arches

14. Design Procedure
15. Hinges for Concrete Arches
16. Abutments

References

Chap. XIV : SIMPLY SUPPORTED STEEL BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Rolled Steel Beam Bridges
3. Plated Beam Bridges
4. Plate Girder Bridges
5. Trussed Girder Bridges :
i. Determination of Forces in Statically Determinate Trusses
ii. Determination of Forces in Trusses with one Redundant Member
iii. Determination of Forces in Trusses with Two or More Redundant Members
iv. Influence Lines for Trussed Bridges

References

Chap. XV : STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Shear Connectors
3. Design Principles :
i. Equivalent Area of Deck Slab
ii. Effective Flange Width
iii. Equivalent Section
iv. Design Assumptions
v. Design for Flexure
vi. Design for Shear
vii. Differential Shrinkage
viii. Design of Shear Connectors
ix. Design of Transverse Reinforcement

Detailing
References

Chap. XVI : PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Advantages of Prestressed Concrete
3. Systems of Prestressing :
i. Freyssinet System
ii. Magnel-Blaton System
iii. Gifford-Udall System
iv. Lee-McCall System

4. Modulii of Elasticity :
i. Modulus of Elasticity of Steel (Es)
ii. Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete (Ec)
iii. Equivalent Flange Width

5. Losses of Prestress :
i. Loss due to Creep in Concrete
ii. Lose due to Shrinkage of Concrete
iii. Loss due to Relaxation of Steel
iv. Loss due to Seating or Slip of Anchorages
v. Loss due to Elastic Shortening
vi. Loss due to Friction

6. Preliminary Dimensions of T-Beams and Box-Girders
7. H.T. Cable (Approx. Nos.)
8. Design Principles :
i. Kern Distances
ii. Design of Section

9. Minimum Reinforcement
10. Cover and Spacing of Prestressing Steel
11. End Blocks
12. Cable Profile
13. Photograph of a Bridge
14. Prestressed Concrete Box-Girder Bridges

References

Chap. XVII : LONG SPAN BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Types of Long Span Bridges
3. Continuous Plate Girder Bridges
4. Continuous Steel Tubular or Box-Girder Bridges
5. Steel Arch Bridges
6. Continuous or Cantilever Truss Bridges
7. Cable Stayed Bridges :
i. Cable-stayed vs. Suspension Bridge
ii. Forces in a Cable-stayed Bridge
iii. Various Types of Towers
iv. Various Deck Cross-sections
v. Cable Arrangements

8. Suspension Bridges :
i. Aerodynamic Instability
ii. Structural Arrangements
iii. Cable Sag
iv. Equation of the Suspension Cable
v. Tension in the Cable
vi. Back-Stay Cables
vii. Brief Description of Some Existing Suspension Bridges

References

Chap. XVIII : TEMPORARY, LOW COST AND MOVABLE BRIDGES :
1. Temporary Bridges :
i. Timber Bridges
ii. Bailey Bridge
iii. Callender-Hamilton (Unit Construction) Bridge

2. Low Cost Bridges :
i. Causeways
ii. Submersible Bridges

3. Movable Bridges :
i. Swing Bridge
ii. Bascule Bridge
iii. Traverser Bridge
iv. Transporter Bridge
v. Cut-Boat Bridge
vi. Lift Bridge
vii. Raft Bridge
viii. Boat Bridge
ix. Pontoon Bridge

References

Chap. XIX : PIERS AND ABUTMENTS FOR BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Types of Piers
3. Design Considerations for Piers
4. Reinforcement
5. Types of Abutments
6. Design Considerations for Abutments :
i. Seismic Effect of the Back Fill on the Abutments
ii. Live Load Surcharge
iii. Weep Holes
iv. Back-fill Materials

References

Chap. XX : WING WALLS AND RETURN WALLS :
1. General
2. Types of Walls
3. Proportioning of Members
4. Design Considerations :
i. Live Load Surcharge
ii. Weep Holes
iii. Back-fill Materials

References

Chap. XXI : SHALLOW AND DEEP FOUNDATIONS FOR BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Classification
3. Shallow Foundations :
i. Design of the Footing

4. Pile Foundations :
i. Type of Piles
ii. Timber Piles
iii. Precast Concrete Piles
iv. Cast-in-situ Concrete Piles (Driven or Bored)
v. Tubular Steel Piles
vi. Screw Piles
vii. Pile Spacing
viii. How Load is Transferred through Piles
ix. Evaluation of Ultimate Load Bearing Capacity of Piles from Soil Test Data-Static Formula
x. Evaluation of Safe and Ultimate Load Bearing Capacity of Piles from Driving Resistance - Dynamic Formula
xi. Pile Grouping
xii. Lateral Resistance of Piles
xiii. Batter Piles
xiv. Evaluation of Loads on Piles
xv. Equal Load on Piles with Eccentric Loading
xvi. Driving of Piles
xvii. Load Test on Piles
xviii. Pile-Cap
xix. Pile Reinforcement

5. Well Foundations :
i. Cutting Edge and Well Curb
ii. Bottom Plug
iii. Sand Filling
iv. Well-Cap
v. Shapes of Wells
vi. Depth of Wells
vii. Design Considerations
viii. Thickness of Well-Steining
ix. Sinking of Wells
x. Method of Sinking
xi. Tilts and Shifts

References

Chap. XXII : BRIDGE BEARINGS, EXPANSION JOINTS AND WEARING COURSE :
1. General
2. Types of Bearings
3. Selection of Bearings
4. Mild Steel Bearings
5. Hard Copper Alloy and Stainless Steel Bearings
6. Steel Bearings :
i. Steel Roller
ii. Steel Rocker

7. Elastomeric Pad Bearings
8. Elastomeric Pot Bearings
9. Ptfe Pad Bearings
10. Reinforced Concrete Bearings :
i. R.C. Roller
ii. R.C. Rocker
iii. Curved Pier Top (Rocker)

11. Design of Bearings :
i. Top and Bottom Plates of Roller and Rocker Bearings
ii. Design of Roller or Rocker
iii. Design of Elastomeric Bearings
iv. Design of Dispersion Grids & Spirals

12. Materials and Specifications for Bearings
13. Protection and Maintenance of Bearings
14. Expansion Joints :
i. Types of Expansion Joints
ii. Maintenance of Expansion Joints

15. Wearing Course :
i. Concrete Wearing Course
ii. Bituminous Wearing Course

References

Chap. XXIII : RIVER TRAINING AND PROTECTIVE WORKS FOR BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Protective Works of Shallow Foundations for minor Bridges :
i. Protective Works for Open Rafts with Closed Type Abutments and Wing Walls
ii. Protective Works for Open Rafts with Open Type (Spill-through) Abutments
iii. Protective Works for Multiple-box Bridges

3. Protective Works for Major Bridges :
i. For Bridges with Waterway from High Bank to High Bank
ii. For Bridges with Waterway much Less than the Width from High Bank to High Bank

References

Chap. XIV : CONSTRUCTION, ERECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF BRIDGES :
1. General
2. Construction of Bridges :
i. Components of Bridges to be Constructed in Stages
ii. Ancillary Works for Bridges to be Taken Up Simultaneously
iii. Form-work and Centering
iv. Bending and Placing Reinforcement
v. Concreting
vi. Curing of Concrete
vii. Layout of Foundations
viii. Construction of Foundations
ix. Construction of Substructure
x. Construction of Superstructure
xi. Construction of Arch Bridges

3. Erection of Bridges :
i. Erection of Steel Bridges
ii. Erection of Concrete Bridge

4. Maintenance of Bridges :
i. Classification of Bridge Maintenance
ii. Mobile Bridge Inspection Unit

References

Chap. XXV : BRIDGE Architecture :
1. General
2. Few basic Points of Bridge Architecture :
i. Blending the Structure with the Landscape
ii. Integration of the Road and the Bridge
iii. Proportioning of Various Components
iv. Uniformity in the System of the Structure
v. Least Obstruction of View
vi. Treatment of the Approaches
vii. Treatment of the Piers
viii. Shape of the Superstructure
ix. Moulding
x. Parapets, Railings etc
xi. Pylons
xii. External Finish or Treatment